The Berchtesgaden National Park has set itself many tasks as the only Alpine National Park in Germany. In the foreground is basically the protection of nature. In doing so, man takes a back seat and the natural processes in nature on as large an area as possible are in the foreground. Nature conservation is thus a central building block for sustainable development. "Let nature be nature" is the motto of the German national parks and calls for the development of nature to be influenced as little as possible. For example, fallen trees are left lying and thus become new habitats for beetles & Co.
Past and present
How has the national park area developed over the past decades? Our impressive before-and-after comparisons answer this question. How has the national park area developed over the past decades? Our impressive before-and-after comparisons answer this question.
The Berchtesgaden National Park is part of the Northern Limestone Alps and is home to a mountain nature rich in species on an area of 210 km².
The rocks of the Alps formed in the Mesozoic period over a period of a good 80 million years from the Triassic to the Jurassic.
Of the once natural mixed mountain forests with spruces, larches, beeches and a high proportion of firs, only remnants remain.
Chamois, roe deer and red deer are the large herbivores of the National Park. In addition, the ibex is another characteristic species of the protected area.
The prevailing regional climate is influenced by the oceanic climate of the Atlantic and the continental climate of Europe and East Asia.